Is it safe to have sex before periods
Are you wondering if is it safe to have sex before periods? The answer is quite simple. It might be safe or unsafe to have sex very close to your period, depending on the number of days remaining before your period starts.
Is it safe to have sex before periods without protection?
Every unprotected sex carries a risk of pregnancy. So, if you aren’t using birth control in any form, then you should know that pregnancy is always possible. However, if you and your partner prefer unprotected sex but choose not to get pregnant, you need to learn how to time sex to coincide with your safe periods.
Should you use protection for sex before periods?
You should know that much like unprotected sex, no birth control method is altogether fool-proof. However, when you use contraception, you are sure of reducing the chances of unwanted pregnancy. There are many birth control options available in the market, and you can do some research to know which is the best for you. The question is it safe to have sex before periods is easy to answer: Yes, it can be safe with contraception.
Types of contraception
When in doubt, you can always use a condom or any other kind of contraception. Also, when you don’t know for sure if is it safe to have sex before periods, contraceptives will put your mind at ease.
Here are your options when it comes to contraceptives:
• caps or diaphragms
• Female condoms
• progestogen-only pill
• Contraceptive implant
• Natural family planning
• combined pill
• vaginal ring
• contraceptive injection
• IUS (intrauterine system or hormonal coil)
A mentioned before, there are lots of options available when it comes to contraceptives, and you can totally choose which one fits your budget and your lifestyle. If you decide against contraceptives but are still interested in safe sex, you will have to understand your menstrual cycle and how it works, so you can learn to calculate when is it safe to have sex before periods.
The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle is simply the natural changes that happen in the female reproductive system. These changes, which primarily take place in the uterus and the ovaries, work to make pregnancy possible. Knowing when is it safe to have sex before periods will depend largely on how you understand your menstrual cycle.
The different phases of the menstrual cycle
The phases of the menstrual cycle include:
1. The menstruation phase
2. The follicular phase
3. The ovulation phase
4. And the luteal phase
Menstruation, also known as periods, is the monthly discharge of blood from the lining of the uterus (endometrium). This menstrual blood passes through the vagina, and it usually contains mucus and cells from the endometrium.
To collect menstrual blood, many women use sanitary pads, tampons, menstrual cups, and menstrual rags. You have to change your pads and tampons often to prevent infections and Toxic Shock Syndrome.
The follicular phase starts on the first day of menstruation and lasts anywhere from 11 to 21 days. The follicular phase is when the pituitary gland produces FSH—follicle stimulating hormone. This hormone causes the ovary to make follicles, up to around 20 follicles in total, and each follicle stores an egg. Eventually, all the follicles will die off except for the one that will mature into a ripe egg.
In this stage, the lining of the uterus or endometrium will thicken to get ready for fertilization and pregnancy.
Ovulation occurs when the egg is released from the ovaries. Usually, ovulation occurs about two weeks (14 days) before your next period—that is if your periods are regular. In the ovulation phase, the pituitary gland produces high levels of the luteinizing hormone LH.
The ripe egg is released into the fallopian tube, and the egg goes on to live for around 24 hours. If there is no egg to fertilise the egg, it dies off.
Ovulation is an important time in pregnancy and conception. If you are trying to get pregnant, this is the phase you can try for a baby with your partner. But if you want to know how to prevent pregnancy and is it safe to have sex before periods, you should mark your calendar and avoid unprotected sex during this phase.
The luteal phase begins at the end of ovulation and ends with the beginning of your next cycle. After ovulation has taken place, the corpus luteum, which holds the ripe eggs, disintegrates and produces the hormone progesterone. This hormone helps to thicken the uterine lining in readiness for the sperm to fertilise the egg and implant on a comfy uterine lining.
If fertilization occurs and the egg implants on the uterine lining, the body then produces human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG). HCG is the hormone you test for when conducting a pregnancy test.
In the case where there is no fertilization and pregnancy, the corpus luteum will die, causing the progesterone production to decrease. This will also cause the uterine lining to shed and flow out as menstruation.
How to know when is it safe to have sex before periods?
Your safe period is when it is safe to have sex without the risk of conception. The first 7 days of your cycle are considered safe days. Please note that your cycle begins on the first day of menstruation. If you normally have a 28-day cycle, then days 21 – 28 are also safe because the unfertilized egg would have withered away by then.
Please, note that you can miscalculate safe days if your period is irregular. Also, when in doubt, use protection.
Also read : Mycoplasma genitalium is a nasty new sex disease making women infertile